Back in the day, ladies had a limited selection of skincare items to choose from. But today, there’s a vast collection of skin care products fashioned to fit you. However, these amazing skin care products would only work best if it’s meant for your skin type. Have you ever tried a skin care product which not only did nothing but also worsened your skin condition despite its claim? In situations like this, it’s always very easy to blame the skin care product or tag it as bad and ineffective however, the skin care product might have been wrong for your skin care.
Fundamentally, there are four skin types – oily, dry, combination and normal. Issues like acne, sensitivity and hyperpigmentation are considered skin conditions as this can happen to all skin types. Skin type may be determined by genetics, hormones (during puberty and even pregnancy), climate or even diet. Skin conditions can also be affected by certain factors such as weather, age, or hormonal changes. For example, wrinkles are found to be appear as one age and acne can be affected by hormonal changes or even the weather (according to our climate here in the tropics, acne might reduce during harmattan and can become aggravated during hot periods).
It is also important to note that skin type can be affected by age; teens and those in their early 20’s typically experience more oily skin as this is when sebaceous glands are most active, mid to late 20’s and early 30’s usually have combination skin while mid 30’s and older tend to lean toward dry skin since our skin loses its ability to produce oil and retain moisture as we age.
Before we continue, here’s a quick test to know your skin type
Do this the next time you’re bored and have nothing to do at home: Wash your face with your usual cleanser, pat it dry, and then don’t touch it at all for a minimum of an hour during which you should not apply any makeup, moisturizers, sunscreen, cleansers or toners. At the end of those two hours, check how your skin is feeling.
· If it’s…, you likely have skin
· If it’s…, you likely have skin
· If it’s…, you likely have skin
· If it’s… , you likely have skin
Now that you have found out your skin type, you can now go ahead to choose your skin care products to incorporate into your skin care routine.
Understanding the Four Skin Types
“Oily” is used to describe a skin type with heightened sebum production. An over production is known as seborrhea. Issues such as genetics, hormonal changes and imbalances, medication, stress, comedogenic cosmetics (make-up products that cause irritation) may trigger the over production of sebum. Oily skin tends to have blemishes and comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and varying forms of acne which appears mostly on the face, sometimes/frequently on the neck, shoulders, back and chest. Oily skin is characterized by enlarged, clearly visible pores, a glossy shine, and thicker, pale skin: blood vessels may not be visible. Studies have shown that moisture form oily skin might help prevent wrinkles so don’t be all sad if you have oily skin.
Care: when shopping for skin care products for oily skin, it is important to check for products that are non-comedogenic (i.e. wont clog your pores) and that does not contain alcohol or sulfates as these are drying ingredients which would strip your skin of its natural oil causing your skin to produce more oil as a defense mechanism and ultimately lead to acne or worse. Also, avoid products containing mineral oil and petrolatum and instead shop for oil-free moisturizers (moisturizers are still important).
Dry skin also called xerosis is as a result of less production of sebum than normal. As a result of the lack of sebum, dry skin lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences which leads to an impaired barrier function. Dry skin as a result of water loss either through perspiration or trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL)-this is the natural way water is lost to the atmosphere through diffusion is brought about by lack of epidermal lipids and Natural Moisturizing Factors (NMFs). It’s also important to note that there’s a difference between dry skin and dehydrated skin (though they have very similar symptoms). Dry skin is a skin type caused by a lack of oil production in the skin. Dehydrated skin is caused by a lack of water and is a temporary skin condition due to climate, environmental factors or not drinking enough water. Dry skin is characterized by tight, brittle and rough looking skin, mild scaling or flakiness in patches. It is also more sensitive to irritation, redness and the risk of infection.
Care: First thing is to make sure your skin is always hydrated. To care for dry skin, you’ll want to seal in moisture by applying a rich moisturizer several times each day—especially after washing your hands or bathing. Use thick moisturizing creams. Shop for products with ingredients like glycerin, Shea butter, Allantoin, Vitamin E and avoid products containing alcohol and sulfates. Try not to use very hot water when showering.
On the other hand, for dehydrated skin, be sure to look for water-based products, as oil-based products can actually make your skin condition worse. Most important, be sure you’re drinking enough water each day!
Basically, people with combination skin type has two feels to it; oily and dry. People with combination skin are more likely to have dry skin on the cheek and jawline and have oily skin (break out) on the forehead, nose and chin areas; these areas are usually referred to as the T-zone.
Care: it’s good to avoid the use of alcohol-based products, oil-controlling products and ultra-hydration products to treat the entire face. Rather, opt for products formulated for all skin types as this would restore skin balance.
Normal skin (scientific name “eudermic”) widely refers to well-balanced skin. Skin concerns for normal skin are always generally minimum. Normal skin has little to zero imperfections, no severe sensitivity, barely visible pores and most of all, a radiant complexion. (Isn’t it just wonderful?!)
Care: although people with normal skin have little to no worries about their skin, it’s always best to have a skin care. To help maintain balanced, healthy-looking skin, it is still essential to prep your skin with a gentle cleanser, hydrate skin with a daily moisturizer, and protect skin with broad-spectrum sunscreen during the day and replenish with a nighttime facial oil at night.
For enquiry on Anike Natural product you can use to manage your skin type, contact: 08124875280,